How to Recognize a Traumatic Brain Injury


A traumatic brain injury carries the risk of permanent physical and cognitive damage, and requires immediate medical intervention to attempt to reduce the damage. Any time a person has suffered a blow to the head, there could be a risk of permanent impairments and catastrophic injury.

TBI Statistics: Some Alarming Facts

  • TBI is the leading cause of death or disability in people ages 1 – 44.
  • The most common causes of TBI are vehicle accidents, sports injuries and falls.
  • Each year, approximately 52,000 people die from a traumatic brain injury.
  • About 1.6 million people go to the emergency room for TBI every year.
  • About 5.3 million residents of the U.S. suffer with impairments from a brain injury.
  • TBI and head injuries increase the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease later in life.

TBI-02Car accidents, falls and sports accidents are all common causes of traumatic brain injuries. When the impact occurs, the brain moves back and forth inside the skull cavity, and becomes bruised or delicate brain tissue and blood vessels are torn, ripped, damaged or bleeding, and can lead to death within hours. In some cases, the injury is not immediately obvious.

There are specific symptoms to be alert to after an impact to the head. The types of TBI are ranked as mild, moderate and serious. They can be identified by noting the following physical, sensory and cognitive symptoms:

TBI-04Mild TBI Symptoms

Noticeable Physical Symptoms

  • Loss of consciousness – seconds to minutes.
  • Dazed demeanor
  • Confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Balance Problems
  • Severe Headache
  • Nausea, Vomiting
  • Sleep Difficulties (Unable to Sleep, Sleeping More Than Normally)

Symptoms Affecting Sensory Perception

  • Blurred Vision
  • Ringing in Ears
  • Changes in Sense of Smell
  • Bad Taste in Mouth
  • Light Sensitivity

Emotional, Mental and Cognitive Symptoms

  • Memory Issues
  • Trouble Concentrating
  • Mood Swings
  • Depression
  • Anxiety

TBI-05Moderate or Severe TBI Symptoms

Noticeable Physical Symptoms

  • All Symptoms of Mild TBI
  • Loss of Consciousness for Minutes to Hours
  • Worsening or Persistent Headaches
  • Repeated Vomiting, Nausea
  • Convulsions
  • Seizures
  • One or Both Pupils Dilated
  • Clear Fluid From Nose or Ears
  • Difficulty Being Awakened
  • Weakness in Fingers, Toes
  • Coordination Problems

Emotional, Mental or Cognitive Symptoms

  • Extreme Confusion
  • Agitation
  • Unusual Behavior
  • Combative Behavior
  • Slurred Speech
  • Coma

TBI-03If you or your loved one has suffered a brain injury due to the negligent actions of another party, legal action can be initiated to seek compensation. The costs of care and treatment of a brain injury can last a lifetime, or in less serious cases, many months. There are a range of damages associated with TBI, including the costs of medical care, rehabilitation, lost wages, now and estimated for the future, pain and suffering and other types of damages. Talk to our Atlanta brain injury lawyer at Millar & Mixon, LLC about your case. Free case consultation and a fast response to your questions and concerns. Call now.

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